Does God Play With Dice?

Einstein’s famous reaction to the implications of quantum physics which defined fundamental reality as irreducible chance was, “God does not play with dice.”

He felt, that while quantum mechanics had impressive successes, it must be an incomplete theory. I believe Einstein was right.

To visualize a quantum event, imagine an electron that is spreading out with no particular trajectory, like an expanding wave. However, this is not a simple physical wave, but a wave of  “possibilities” of where the electron could be.

Then, when there is some external contact, by either an observer or other influence in the environment (decoherence), this causes the quantum possibility waves to “collapse” into one definite outcome – becoming a real electron in real space. (Yes, some argue that the electron is not real until it is observed.)

In the 1950’s, physicist David Bohm, who followed Einstein’s persuasion, developed a deterministic and “realist” version of quantum physics. In this model, quantum particles were real and quantum waves were real. Bohm used pilot waves as carriers of possibilities, and these possibilities could only be actualized when they met with a particle and guided it. But no one could answer where these pilot waves came from.

The thing that bothers physicists most is that quantum mechanics cannot be harmonized with general relativity theory, which describes the force of gravity as being equivalent to spacetime curvature. The problem is that the mixed state of quantum possibilities offers no geometrical insights to spacetime curvature.

But the universe cannot be the result of two conflicting laws!

World-renowned mathematical physicist Roger Penrose is one of the most recent scientists to challenge the wave mechanics (Schrodinger equation) of quantum theory. He suggests that the idea of curvature should be applied to the rules of quantum possibilities.

Enter scientist/theologian Emanuel Swedenborg. Over 250 years ago he envisioned using complex curvatures (rather than complex linear superposition) to express the potentials of the microworld! This insight is so unexpected and potentially far-reaching, that I am writing a book about it, called Proving God.

In this book I will attempt to show how potentials operating on a fundamental realm seek a preferred direction through units of curvature, formed by their kinetic cooperation and relationship through flux and reflux (and not chance). This is just one example in my book project of how I will provide evidence that the universe, with all its complexity and stability, is based on the unifying principle of Love.

That is why Love is the ultimate science.

About thegodguy

EDWARD F. SYLVIA, M.T.S. Philosopher/Theologian Edward F. Sylvia attended the School of Visual Arts in New York and received his Master of Theological Studies at the Pacific School of Religion in Berkeley, CA and a Certificate of Swedenborgian Studies from the Swedenborgian House of Studies. He is a member of the Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences (C.T.N.S.) and the Swedenborg Scientific Association (S.S.A.). Award-winning author of "Sermon From the Compost Pile: Seven Steps Toward Creating An Inner Garden" and "Proving God," which fulfills a continuing vision that God’s fingerprints of love can be found everywhere in the manifest universe. His most recent book, "Swedenborg & Gurdjieff: The Missing Links" is an edgy collection of anti-intuitive essays for personal transformation that challenges and inspires. He has been a student of the ideas of both Emanuel Swedenborg and George I. Gurdjieff for over thirty years. Read more about TheGodGuy, his books and his ideas at
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