The clergy will tell you that morality comes from religion. Scientists like Richard Dawkins however, will state that morality is just another strategy used by “selfish” genes to increase the odds of their survival through replication. A moral society favors marriage—a social structure that augments the drive of genes to pass their traits to future generations via the reproductive process and protective care of loving parents.
Is morality the outcome of biological evolution? Or, is it from the revealed wisdom of a Divine Creator?
The evolution of bio-complexity shows a real trajectory towards increased intelligence and consciousness. While neuroscience struggles with the concept of person-level realities (subjective individual consciousness), morality is perfectly suited for the higher-level phenomena of the non-physical mind and human identity.
The neo-Darwinian synthesis of evolution is a physical theory by which species adapt to fill niches within a constantly changing physical environment. But humans have benefited from the exploitation of an entirely different resource—knowledge!
The human mind can distill knowledge from the universe in a way that other living creatures cannot. Furthermore, this knowledge is not only retained within the human memory IT IS ORGANIZED. Rational thought is impossible unless ideas can be arranged and organized into some coherent order.
The next thing to consider is that the human mind can only arrange ideas and information according to personal VALUES! Morality is a dynamic specially suited for a creature that would evolve first-person phenomenal experience (which includes the cognitive functions of free will and discernment).
Morality, viewed from a faith-based perspective, hints strongly that religion is God’s special strategy by which evolution can continue into a non-physical realm through the proper organization of the human mind and spirit through nobler values.
This non-physical realm is called heaven. When the Lord said that “the kingdom of God is within you” He was making a scientific statement concerning the human heart and mind and that its proper organization extends the biosphere into a pre-geometrical, pre-spatial, spiritual realm.
Religion and morality seem to fill an ontological gap in the evolution of a mind that would need to be exposed to higher principles to help guide it through the non-physical realm of ideas, concepts, and information.
Religion is not a topic abstracted from science or evolutionary theory. Life has evolved to a level of intelligence where values matter! Religious values determine the higher level, non-physical, bio-complexity of the human spirit.
God and science are both necessary for a final theory of reality. My new book, Proving God, will add more flesh to this unique assumption.