While many people today see science as a superior truth-system to religion, physicists are faced with a huge dilemma. They are unable to match up the laws ruling nature on the smallest scales (quantum physics) with the laws ruling nature on the largest scales (classical physics). Since it is obvious to everyone that there is a single physical world, there cannot be two disjointed theories to describe the universe’s unified process.
Quantum physics tells us that fundamental reality consists of irreducible chance while classical physics shows us that on larger scales nature not only has deterministic properties, it also has a compulsive and profound drive towards self-organization.
In terms of causality, the classical world and its laws must have emerged out of the “dice-throwing” substrate of quantum weirdness. Not only do quantum potentialities lead to irreversible physical measurement, measurement in nature takes the form of order and orientation in everything from the organization of galaxies to higher forms of organized structure like the human brain.
Furthermore, organization and order does not stop with the physical brain – it continues with the human mind and growth of the human intellect. Human rationality and discernment emerges from how well an individual can organize his or her ideas into a coherent system. Since the ideas of the human mind cannot be located in space and are not subject to physical laws (we can share half of our ideas with another person and retain possession of all our ideas—unlike sharing half of an apple pie) this implies non-material organization!
Many physicists believe that in the quantum world, action takes the form of a non-material wave. So if we step back a bit and try to straddle causality from quantum potentials all the way to human consciousness, we see a process that transcends material science. The universe shows us a process (creation and evolution) starting from non-material potentials, through matter, to organized non-material actualities.
Doesn’t religion provide guidance, precepts, and values for the human heart and mind to develop with the proper orientation? Yes! Therefore, God’s commandments are a lawful strategy to create, within the human psyche and spirit, the proper non-material organization for continued life in a non-physical world, beyond the constraints of time and space.
Religion is, therefore, God’s All-Wise purposeful plan to extend negative entropy—that is, increased organization into a spiritual realm (called heaven) through the human race. This higher-level order of bio-complexity in the human spirit challenges the current scientific (and materialistic) view that the universe must run down and succumb to the second law of thermodynamics.
This is just one of the issues I address in my upcoming book Proving God. It tackles the many challenges of providing rational evidence for a Designer-God and cosmic purpose. But what will be most useful to the post-modern world is that it also challenges traditional forms of religion, which are theologically inadequate for illustrating how God acts in the world from a plausible scientific model.