Both Swedenborg and Gurdjieff embraced theological science. That is, they saw the universe, its forces and laws as a rational expression of God’s spiritual qualities and character within the spacetime arena.
Modern science tries to explain the universe without having God or metaphysical principles in its equations. So when physicists are faced with new problems they try to solve these problems purely with physical solutions. What makes me pleased is that even their physical solutions are moving deeper into fundamental issues concerning ontological reality.
For instance, dark matter and dark energy are relatively recent concepts used to give a theoretical answer as to why the universe is expanding while maintaining its coherent structure.
The coherent structure of expanding star systems did not make sense with their notions of gravity – there simply was not enough matter to meet the requirements for holding together galaxies in an expanding universe. So physicists believed that there must be some kind of invisible matter, yet to be discovered, that allowed gravitational order to be maintained under their present understanding of scientific law.
Physicists called this theoretical substance dark matter.
Next they had to address the problem of expansion. This cosmic expansion could not be simply explained away as the continuing momentum of an original Big Bang blast because the expansion was speeding up! So they theorized that there must be some invisible and opposing force to gravity that was causing everything to scatter.
Physicists called this force dark energy.
What this means is that dark matter, although it is slowly losing its battle with dark energy, is still strong enough to preserve gravitational order in the cosmos. But someday, the universe will become so expanded that thermodynamically, gravitating systems will lose their integrity and structure.
Therefore, if such entropy does not take place new theories will have to be advanced as to why the universe is still holding together.
While I will not live long enough to witness or come to some conclusion about the verity of current scientific models, I have an intuitive sense that the universe will indeed hold together no matter how much it expands. The universe is showing no observable evidence of any structural disintegration during this process.
There is an analogy for this in the human mind. As we make new discoveries and expand our minds, we gain increased coherence (mental structure); we don’t lose it. This mental dynamic is a clue that all process follows the same rules, and also, that the formation of all coherent structure (including our belief systems) and their continuous expansion must be governed by higher, metaphysical forces and laws.
Swedenborg and Gurdjieff both maintained that these universal laws have their origins in spiritual (non-physical) realities. But what divine characteristics from God would lead to an interiorly consistent model for the phenomena we see in the physical universe?
Well, theologically speaking, God’s Love unites (forms structure in coherent wholes through relationships) while God’s Truth distinguishes and allows creation to come forward and formally exist. Creation is the profound dance between Divine Love (essential force) and Divine Truth (law). These ideas go deeper than dark matter and dark energy and embrace intelligent design.
Both Swedenborg and Gurdjieff viewed love as spiritual gravity and truth as spiritual law. (And if we contemplate such a notion we will observe that our thoughts are given coherent structure and organization according to our likes and dislikes—that is, our loves.)
These novice theological ideas and principles that I have just mentioned above will someday be embraced by the world’s scientific community as their models fail to make rational sense of the manifest universe. My award-winning book Proving God offers some insights for how to get this process of unifying science and theology off the dime.